Gender Male: Anubis was a God
Depiction / Description / Symbol: Anubis was depicted with the body of a man and the head of a Jackal
Jurisdiction: Anubis was described as being God of the Dead, Tombs and Embalming
Mythical Family or Relatives: Anubis was believed to be the son of the God Osiris and the Goddess Nephthys
The Egyptian the God Anubis – Creation and Relatives
The early Egyptian priests evolved a creation myth, or Cosmogony, to explain how some of the Gods and
Goddesses came into being.
The early Egyptian priests then evolved a Family tree, the relatives of the main Egyptian Gods, like Anubis, to explain how some of the Gods and Goddesses were related.
Anubis was the son of two of the Gods ( Osiris and Nephthys) who feature in the Ennead. The Ennead was the collective name given to the nine original deities (Gods and Goddesses) of the cosmogony of Heliopolis (the birthplace of the Gods) in the creation myths and legends. In these myths the God Osiris is murdered by his brother Seth and his body scattered in fourteen pieces. The pieces are collected by the Goddess Isis, helped by her sister Nephthys, and Osiris is resurrected for just one day.
Anubis was believed to be the son of the God Osiris and the Goddess Nephthys. Anubis embalms Osiris, making him the first mummy. The Egyptians believed that a physical body was essential for an eternal life for the deceased.Without a physical body the soul had no place to dwell and became restless forever.
The Egyptian God, Anubis, was therefore seen as the God of the Dead, Tombs and Embalming who admitted the dead to the Underworld and was the subject of the prayers at funerals. The priests who officiated at the ‘Opening of the Mouth’ burial ceremony wore a jackal mask emulating Anubis.